Andorka Rudolf: Bevezetés a szociológiába, Osiris, Arató Ferenc, Varga Aranka: Együtt-tanulók kézikönyve, Educatio, Horváth Attila: Kooperatív. Bank Of America Savings Account Number Format PDF Letöltés. Bevezetés a szociológiába. szerző: Rudolf Andorka Kiadás dátuma: Oldalak száma: 1 Bevezetés a demográfiába Download: Bevezetés a demográfiába PDF ebook Bevezetés a demográfiába PDF – Are you searching for Bevezetés a.
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In the same time we considered important to include institutions from all three main social sozciolgiba By combining the two mentioned criteria, we selected the following institutions: Providers of adult education and professional training aimed at disadvantaged categories of population: Belonging to the traditional public educational system: Centers for labor-related issues Institutions involved in adult education Employers, small- and medium size enterprises, large enterprises Employees: Ones currently employed, professionally educated, but unsatisfied with the salary and field leltts work 16 2.
Currently being employed, uneducated 3. The inflexible educational and qualification systems from these countries are not adequately prepared to face the demand and changes occurred in labour market, although bevezwts integration of disadvantaged groups to this labour market would be much more easier through an efficient, dynamic and modern training and adult learning institutional network. The institutions of higher education, initiators of this project: The main objective of the project is promoting the integration of disadvantaged groups to the labour market by the development of professional training and adult learning programs, the main objectives being: When assessing the supply of adult education, we will emphasize especially the study of the functioning special programs for disadvantaged persons.
Analyzing the professional and adult letpts supply, we will search for possibilities of sustaining and developing the activity field, taking in consideration the special educationalmethodical criteria. Research methods and techniques The research will be conducted by teams of researchers working in Bihor and Hajdu-Bihar counties, with competencies both szociolgibba social and educational research.
The project will include both quantitative and qualitative techniques. Quantitative research will consist mainly in statistical data analysis and secondary analysis of data concerning social, economic and educational indicators of the two counties on the one hand, and data concerning the institutional network of adult education and professional training on the other hand.
The qualitative techniques will include focus-group interviews with representatives of providers and beneficiaries of adult learning and professional training as well as with representatives of potential employers.
Secondary data analysis study of published academic materials relevant in our field, of various data bases from Romanian and Hungarian agencies and authorities, including the ones responsible for adult education and professional training.
This will help us to clarify our existing hypotheses and to integrate our research and its expected results into the context at national and international level, drawing attention on aspects that have so far received less attention. The analysis of statistical data of census data, statistics from national authorities, data from institutions in the field of social policies, research statistics, evidence and statistics from 36 the institutions of the ministry of education and ministries of labor and social affaires will provide information on the main social, economic and education development level and characteristics of the two counties, as well as on the specific features of adult education and professional training.
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We will also gather information on the main characteristics of educational demand and supply in the field of adult education and professional training in the two counties, with a particular focus on the educational services specifically aimed at disadvantaged categories of population.
Focus group interviews will be conducted with representatives of providers and beneficiaries of adult learning and professional training as well as with representatives of potential employers in order to obtain more accurate and specific information on the personal attitudes, experiences and motivations of all important stakeholders.
As the result, we aim to obtain a comprehensive outlook on the similarities and differences concerning the characteristics of adult learning and professional training at Euro-regional level. This could help us to define the necessary elements of the potential improvement and optimization of the relationship between demand and supply in these fields, so as to contribute making the system compatible with European Union standards and the development needs of the two countries.
Documentation and collection of published academic and media materials relevant in our field, of various data bases from Romanian and Hungarian agencies and authorities, including the ones responsible for adult education and professional training as well as of census data, statistics from national authorities, data from institutions in the field of social policies, research statistics, evidence and statistics from the institutions of the ministries of education and ministries of labor and social affaires.
Implementation of the focus-group interviews with representatives of providers and beneficiaries of adult learning and professional training as well as with representatives of potential employers in order to obtain more accurate and specific information on the personal attitudes, experiences and motivations of all important stakeholders Phase 3.
Analyzing of the obtained relevant research data and elaboration of the final research report and papers. Pentrudate conf. Pe categorii de beneficiari: S-a creat un spot TV de promovare a serviciilor Centrului.
Gazeta de Nord Vest, http: Nomos, Krakow Dan, A. Tabacu Aurora, director adjunct – Colegiu Tehnic C. Igen van ennek is alapjai. De nem akarnak dolgozni.
Nagyon sok tanfolyam is van pl. Sokan tanulnak, tanulnak de nincs aki dolgozzon. Vajon mi lehet ennek az oka? A legfontosabb kompetencia az tudolf ismerete, ill.
Vagy hogyan jelenjen meg az ember De unde vin elevii? Ei au multe favoruri. Ringold et al,p. The past two decades witnessed the implementation of important policy szkciolgiba in this field. Significant financial resources bevezete been allocated to attenuate economic hardship of Roma population and to promote their social inclusion.
The overall effectiveness of these efforts has been, however, considerably diminished by the economic, cultural and civilization gap leflts continues to separate Roma communities from the rest of the population and the persisting discriminatory attitudes and practices towards them.
In overcoming these obstacles, nongovernmental organizations — particularly those active in the field of human rights and minority rights – have an important role to play and a huge potential. That is why our paper is focusing on the efficiency of civil sector oriented programs and projects aimed at Roma communities. Our analysis is concerning the border region of Romania and Hungary. The first part will offer an overview of the situation of NGO sector and of the status of Roma communities in the two neighbor countries.
In the second part we present the results of our research concerning the involvement of not for profit organizations in fighting poverty and social exclusion of Roma within the RomanianHungarian border region. They do not have a historical land and they live in almost adnorka the countries of Europe and Central Asia. The origin of the Roma in Europe is widely debated. The historical documents show that the Roma immigrated repeatedly from the North of Bdvezets to Europe between the 9th and the 14th centuries.
The Romas are a very varied population, there are several subgroups based on language, history, religion and professions. In some countries the Roma are nomads, but in the most Central and Eastern European countries they have settled down — some of them during the ottoman domination, others in the socialist letlhs.
The data of the census are very controversial, as many Roma do not declare themselves being Roma. On the other hand, the official data of the population census confute the data of other studies which estimate the number of the Roma. These percentages can increase in the future because of the fecundity of the Roma compared to non-Roma. Romania has the largest community of Roma in Europe — 1 to 2 million. A number of 7 to 9 million Roma live in Europe — the population of Sweden or Austria, for example.
It is a poor population, by tradition, with a low social status, object of comparison and in an exposed position to discrimination and social exclusion. There are also other features, such as lack of modernity or difficulties in identifying the exact dimensions of the Roma population.
Up to the end of the 19th century, the Roma were slaves on the lands of the Romanian or Hungarian noblemen; during the last two centuries, the Roma population emancipated, they bevezes rights equal to the majority and small pieces of land.
In the socialist regime, the economic and social situation of the Roma became better. The results of the politics of that time were the improvement of the level of education and involvement in the labor market. They had to pay, however the price of forced integration and loss of cultural specificity. On the positive side, Roma, like the rest of population, can now enjoy new political and economic freedoms.
On the other hand, due to the new freedoms, prejudice against Roma is expressed more rudo,f. In the economic sector, Roma suffer the highest rates of unemployment — they are generally the first to be fired and the last to be hired. Some of the Roma regret the socialist regime, when, even if not admitted as a national minority, the assimilation policies offered some material comfort. The post-socialist period was full of changes and paradoxes. On one hand, the Roma identity was admitted politically and culturally; on the other hand, it stressed the economic and social exclusion of this community.
There are many economic and social factors. The ethnic problem cannot be ignored; it emerges from the crisis Romania is passing through in this period of transition, a crisis that affected and affects especially the Roma population. From an economic point of view, we may say that the Roma are the poorest population in Romania. Moreover, the Roma population perceives the lack of money and the poverty as their main problems.
And their life expectancy – a vital measure describing health, economic and social conditions trails the national average by as much as ten years.
According to Marian Preda, poverty may be considered only a part of the social exclusion, a specific form of exclusion, the financial one.
Anthony Giddens – Szociológia – Free Download PDF
One can notice that there are several factors causing the social exclusion of the Roma, both in Romania and Hungary. But we can also notice that, except the exclusion from the labor market, which may be due to the conditions in the local and country community, the other factors are mainly individual ones, mostly cultural, so it is mainly a self-exclusion.
The economic vulnerability of the Roma is caused by a complex of factors such as the low level of formal education and professional training, a precarious position on the labor market, the great number of children in the Roma families, their discrimination by the majority and their involvement in the informal economy. We consider that it is a vicious circle. Being so poor, they do not have money to fulfill their formal education and professional training.
Many of them give up school after 4,5 or 6 forms, so they have difficulties in finding a job. So they become involved in the informal economy, immigrate in the western countries and break the law. Whereas almost half the Hungarian secondary school students enroll in vocational secondary schools or comprehensive grammar schools, which provide better chances, only one in five Roma children does so.
Moreover, the drop-out rate in secondary schools is significant. Besides the economic factors, there are some social and cultural factors. Most of the girls, for instance, live in concubinage with their future husband from the age of because their tradition requires that and the Romanian state accepts 10 Ibidem, p. This situation leads in many cases to school dropout. In this way, the girls become housewives or work as unqualified workers, or they become prostitutes or beggars.
Asked about the importance of school, they say that school is very important for their children. On the other hand, they state that they should work if they could earn better.
Anthony Giddens – Szociológia
They do not have an adequate school education or professional training, so they are employed generally in unqualified jobs, with low incomes lower than Euro per month. The Roma can be described nomads, rebels, passionate, longing for high incomes with low effort than hard and constant work.
Many Roma has artistic talent, especially in music; many of them become fiddlers, musicians in gypsy orchestra, singers. But these are only few, those who succeed in escaping from the Roma colony or the gypsy ghetto. Most of them have to face the above szocioltiba problems. There are around 30, Roma in Bihor County.