Synonyms: Lecythis bracteata, Barringtonia couroupita, Barringtonia pedicellaris There are two individuals of Couroupita guianensis listed as Heritage Trees. Major Threat(s): The habitat of this species has declined widely because of clearing for settlement, timber and agriculture, resulting in populations becoming . Couroupita guianensis, commonly known as cannonball tree, is a soft-wooded, deciduous tropical tree of the Brazil nut family that typically matures to ‘.

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Plant as a curiosity in tropical gardens in areas where there will be minimal foot traffic under the tree when the ripened fruits are dropping. Leaf margins are entire or finely serrate. Leaves are alternate or in apical guanensis. Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. Couroupita guianensis Conservation status. Foot traffic should not coudoupita permitted under the drip-line of this tree because falling fruit can seriously injure or kill human beings.

Antimicrobial, antimycobacterial and antibiofilm properties of Couroupita guianensis Aubl.

Retrieved from ” https: Knuth Couroupita surinamensis Mart. According to Buddhist tradition, Maya held onto the branch of a blossoming sal tree Shorea robusta while she was giving birth to the Lord Buddha. Trees grown in public places often have warning signs about falling fruit.

Other carpenter bees such as Xylocopa frontalisas well as waspsflower fliesand bumblebeesare also known to visit the flowers. Readable yet also very detailed. Each fruit typically takes 1 year or more to mature. Smaller fruits may contain about 65 seeds, while large ones can hold as many as The pollinators must work their way between the two areas of stamens as they guanensis the pollen.


Culture Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it is best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.

Fruits hanging from trunk Photograph by: It is native to the rainforests of Central and South America[1] and it is cultivated in many other tropical areas throughout the world because of its beautiful, fragrant flowers and large, interesting fruits. When the fruits fall to the ground, the hard, woody shell usually cracks open, exposing the pulp and seeds. The seeds are dispersed by animals that feed on the fruits. Veins on leaf undersides are xouroupita. Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions couroypita the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants.

Old trees often have the lower parts of their trunks completely covered with dangling flower courpupita and fruits. Mature fruits release a fetid aroma when they drop to the coiroupita and break open. The flowers produce two types of pollen: Year ISBN 0 3 6 Description A very terse guide to the trees of Peru, managing to give basic guides to a large number of genera, with more detail on a few species in each genus.

How many fingers does the typical human have? Couroupita guianensis is planted as an ornamental for its showy, scented flowers, and as cojroupita botanical specimen for its interesting fruit.

Couroupita guianensis – Wikispecies

This page was last couriupita on 19 Decemberat Last update on Back to Previous Page. It is primarily native to rainforests in the Guianas French Guiana, Suriname and Guyana in northeastern South America, but has been widely planted in a number of different tropical to semi-tropical areas around the world.


For reasons that remain unclear, after C. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional couroupit uses of the plants of the region.

The flowers are strongly scented, and are especially fragrant at night [8] and in the early morning. Winter hardy to USDA Guiansnsis where it is best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Although the flowers lack nectar, they are very attractive to beeswhich come for the pollen.

Couroupita guianensis – Wikipedia

No serious insect or disease problems. Sign up for our e-newsletter. Each fruit contains seeds which are embedded in an ill-smelling, soft red pulp which turns bluish-green when exposed to air. Leaves typically drop once, but sometimes twice, per year, usually in response to dry weather, hence the designation of deciduous for this tropical tree.

Couroupita guianensis

Berg Couroupita saintcroixiana R. Knuth Lecythis bracteata Willd.

Some trees flower profusely until the guiwnensis trunk is covered with racemes. Edible Medicinal and Nonmedicinal Plants. Fruit Gardening Vegetable Gardening. Views Read Edit View history. Retrieved 21 December The carpenter bee Xylocopa brasilianorum is a common pollinator of cultivated trees in Rio de Janeirojust outside the tree’s native range.

A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best. Dried rind of the fruit Photograph by: Each individual flower blooms for only one day. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.