DEFINISI RUPTUR TENDON ACHILLES PDF

DEFINISI RUPTUR TENDON Ruptur tendon adalah Robek tendon yang melekat Tendon Achilles berasal dari gabungan tiga otot yaitu gastrocnemius. 3. RUPTURE TENDON ACHILES ANATOMI Tendon Achilles berasal dari Pengertian ruptur tendonRobek, pecah atau terputusnya tendon. DEFINISI Ruptur adalah robeknya atau koyaknya jaringan. Sedangkan rupture tendon Achilles adalah robek, pecah atau terputusnya tendon.

Author: Kajinos Sajind
Country: Malta
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Marketing
Published (Last): 2 April 2014
Pages: 421
PDF File Size: 16.75 Mb
ePub File Size: 6.12 Mb
ISBN: 575-7-44025-384-6
Downloads: 63099
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Daijar

– [PDF Document]

Home Documents Ruptur Tendon Achilles. Post on Oct 1. Pasukan diterapkan pada tendon mungkin lebih dari 5 kali berat badan Anda. Dalam beberapa kasus yang jarang terjadi, tendon dapat snap atau pecah.

Kondisi yang membuat pecah lebih mungkin termasuk suntikan steroid ke dalam tendon, penyakit tertentu seperti gout atau hiperparatiroidismedan memiliki golongan darah O. Meskipun terbilang jarang, sebuah pecah tendon bisa menjadi masalah achilled dan dapat mengakibatkan mengerikan sakit euptur cacat permanen jika tidak diobati. Setiap jenis pecah tendon memiliki tanda-tanda dan ruptr sendiri dan bisa diobati baik operasi atau medis tergantung pada beratnya pecah dan kepercayaan dari ahli bedah.

Gejala klinis ruptur tendo? Pemeriksaan diagnostic ruptur tendo? Definisi tendonTendon adalah pita jaringan fibrosa yang fleksibel terletak di bagian belakang pergelangan kaki yang menghubungkan otot betis dengan tulang tumit. Tendon adalah struktur dalam tubuh yang menghubungkan otot ke tulang.

Otot rangka dalam tubuh bertanggung jawab untuk menggerakkan tulang, sehingga memungkinkan untuk berjalan, melompat, angkat, dan bergerak dalam banyak cara. Ketika otot kontraksi, hal itu menarik pada tulang menyebabkan gerakan ini. Struktur yang memancarkan kekuatan kontraksi otot ke tulang disebut tendon.

Membawa kekuatan tarik tendon dari otot ke tulang2. Menekuk dan meregangkan flex semua sendi dan otot untuk menahan tulang. Tanpa tendon, otot-otot hanya akan menjadi sekumpulan besar di satu bidang dan tidak akan bisa bergerak. Tendon yang menghubungkan otot dengan tulang. Hal ini juga memungkinkan tendon untuk menyimpan dan memulihkan energi achillex efisiensi yang tinggi.

Sebagai contoh, selama langkah manusia, Achilles tendon peregangan sebagai dorsiflexes sendi pergelangan kaki. Pada bagian terakhir langkahnya, sebagai kaki plantar-flexes jari-jari kaki menunjuk ke bawahyang disimpan energi elastis dilepaskan.

Lebih jauh, karena meregangkan tendon, otot dapat berfungsi dengan kurang atau bahkan tidak ada perubahan panjang, yang memungkinkan otot untuk menghasilkan kekuatan yang lebih besar. Ketika otot gastrocnemius di betis kontraksi lebih pendektendon yang melekat dari otot ke tulang tumit kalkaneus bergerak.

Sebagai memperpendek otot, tendon bergerak ketitik ke bawah kaki. Ini adalah tindakan yang memungkinkan seseorang untuk berdiri di ataskaki seseorang, berlari, melompat, berjalan normal, dan untuk naik dan turun tangga. Qudriceps Sebuah kelompok dari 4 otot, yang vastus lateralis, medialis vastus, intermedius vastus, dan rektus femoris, datang bersama-sama tepat di atas Anda tempurung lutut patella untuk membentuk tendon patella.

Ruptur Tendon Achilles – [DOCX Document]

Sering disebut quad, kelompok otot ini digunakan untuk memperpanjang kaki di lutut dan bantuan dalam berjalan, berlaridan melompat.

Achilles Tendon Achilles berasal dari gabungan tiga otot yaitu gastrocnemius, soleus, dan otot plantaris. Pada manusia, letaknya tepat di bagian pergelangan kaki. Tendon Achilles adalah tendon tertebal dan terkuat pada tubuh manusia.

Panjangnya sekitar 15 sentimeter, dimulai dari pertengahan tungkai bawah. Kemudian strukturnya acgilles mengumpul dan melekat pada guptur tengah-belakang tulang calcaneus. Tendon ini sangat ruptir untuk berjalan, berlari dan melompat secara normal.

Cidera karena olahraga dan karena trauma pada tendon Achilles adalah biasa dan bisa menyebabkan kecacatan. Rotator cuffRotator cuff terletak di bahu dan terdiri dari 4 otot: Kelompok otot ini berfungsi untuk mengangkat tangan ke samping, membantu memutar lengan, dan menjaga bahu keluar dari soket tersebut. Bisep Otot bisep fungsi sebagai fleksor lengan dari siku.

  INTERVIU SONIA MONROY PDF

Otot ini membawa tangan ke arah bahu dengan menekuk siku. Penyakit tertentu, seperti arthritis dan diabetes2.

Obat-obatan, seperti kortikosteroid dan beberapa antibiotik yang dapat meningkatkan risiko pecah3. Cedera dalam olah raga, seperti melompat dan berputar pada olah raga badminton, tenis, basket dan sepak bola4. Trauma benda tajam atau tumpul pada bawah betis2. Rasa sakit mendadak dan berat dapat dirasakan di bagian belakang pergelangan kaki atau betis2. Terlihat bengkak dan kaku serta tampak memar dan kelemahan3.

Sebuah kesenjangan atau depresi dapat dilihat di tendon sekitar 2 cm di atas tulang tumit4. Tumit tidak dapat digerakan deinisi atau naik2. Cedera ini terjadi akibat otot tertarik pada arah yang salah,kontraksi otot yang berlebihan atau ketika terjadi kontraksi ,otot belum siap,terjadi pada bagian groin muscles otot pada kunci paha ,hamstring otot paha bagian bawah ,dan otot guadriceps.

Fleksibilitas otot yang baik bisa menghindarkan daerah sekitar cedera memar dan membengkak. It is approximately 15 centimeters 5. Contraction of the gastrosoleus plantar flexes the foot, enabling such activities as walking, jumping, and running.

The Achilles tendon receives its blood supply from its musculotendinous junction with the triceps surae and its innervation from the sural nerve and to a lesser degree from the tibial nerve.

CaptionCauses The Achilles tendon is most commonly injured by sudden plantarflexion or dorsiflexion of the ankle, or by forced dorsiflexion of the ankle outside its normal range of motion.

Other mechanisms by which the Achilles can be torn involve sudden direct trauma to the tendon, or sudden activation of the Achilles after atrophy from prolonged periods of inactivity. Some other common tears can occur from overuse while participating in intense sports. Twisting or jerking motions can also contribute to injury.

Fluoroquinolone antibiotics, famously ciprofloxacin, are known to increase the risk of tendon rupture, particularly achilles. Risk factors People who commonly fall victim to Achilles rupture or tear include recreational athletes, people of old age, individuals with previous Achilles tendon tears or ruptures, previous tendon deifnisi or quinolone use, extreme changes in training intensity or activity level, and participation in a new activity.

Most cases of Achilles tendon rupture are traumatic sports injuries. The average age of patients is years with a male-to-female ratio of nearly Fluoroquinolone antibiotics, such avhilles ciprofloxacin, and glucocorticoids have been linked defiisi an increased risk of Achilles tendon rupture. Direct steroid injections into the tendon have also been linked to rupture. Quinolone has been associated with Achilles tendinitis and Achilles tendon ruptures for quite some time now.

Quinolone is specialized in the fact that it can attack bacterial DNA and prevent them from ruptkr by this process, and are frequently prescribed to elderly. No fracture or avulsion radiograph. Diagnosis is made by clinical history; typically people say it feels like being schilles or shot behind the ankle.

Upon examination a gap may be felt just above the heel unless swelling has filled the gap and the Simmonds’ acjilles aka Thompson test will be positive; squeezing the calf muscles of the affected side while the patient lies prone, face down, with his feet hanging loose results in no movement no passive plantarflexion of the foot, while movement is expected with an intact Achilles tendon and should be observable upon manipulation of the uninvolved calf.

Walking will usually be severely impaired, as the patient will be unable to step off the ground using the injured leg. The patient will also be unable to stand up on the toes of that leg, and pointing the foot downward plantarflexion will be impaired. Pain may be severe and swelling is common.

An O’Brien test can also be performed achilpes entails placing a sterile needle through the skin and into the tendon. If the needle hub moves in the opposite direction of the tendon and the same direction as the toes when the foot is moved up and down then the tendon is at least partially intact. Sometimes an ultrasound scan may be required to clarify or confirm the diagnosis. MRI can also be used to devinisi the diagnosis. Imaging Musculoskeletal ultrasonography can be used to determine the tendon thickness, character, and presence of a tear.

  EL ORDEN ALFABETICO JUAN JOSE MILLAS PDF

It works by sending extremely high frequencies of sound through your body. Some of these sounds are reflected back off the spaces between interstitial fluid and soft tissue or bone.

These reflected images can be analyzed and computed into an image. These images are captured in real time and can be very helpful in tendpn movement of the tendon and visualising possible injuries or tears. This device makes it very easy to spot structural damages to soft tissues, and consistent method of detecting this type of injury. This imaging modality is inexpensive, involves no ionizing radiation and, in the hands of skilled ultrasonographers, may be very reliable.

Magnetic resonance imaging MRI can be used to discern incomplete ruptures from degeneration of the Achilles tendon, and MRI can also distinguish between paratenonitis, tendinosis, and bursitis.

This technique uses a strong uniform magnetic field to align millions of protons running through the body. When these protons return they emit their own unique radio waves that can be analysed by a computer in 3D to create sharp cross sectional image of the area of interest. Ruptud can provide unparalleled contrast in soft tissue ruptuf an extremely high quality photograph making it easy for technicians to spot tears achillse other injuries.

Radiography can also be used to indirectly identify achilles tears.

Radiography uses X-rays to analyse the point of injury. This is not very effective at identifying injuries to soft tissue.

Ruptur Tendon Achilles

X-rays are created when high energy electrons hit a metal source. X-ray images are acquired by utilising the different attenuation characteristics of dense e. X-rays are generally exposed to optimise visualisation of dense objects such as bone while soft tissue remains relatively undifferentiated in the background.

Radiography has little role in assessment of Achilles’ tendon injury and is more useful for ruling out other injuries such as calcaneal fractures. Among the medical profession opinions are divided what is to be preferred.

Non-surgical management traditionally was selected for minor ruptures, less active patients, and those with medical conditions that prevent them from undergoing surgery. It traditionally consisted of restriction in a plaster cast for six to eight weeks with the rutpur pointed downwards to oppose the ends of the ruptured tendon.

But recent studies have produced superior results with much more rapid rehabilitation in fixed or hinged boots. Surgical repair of a ruptured Achilles tendon. Some surgeons feel an early surgical repair of the tendon is beneficial. However, four recent studies have scientifically tested the benefits of surgery, using randomized streaming of patients into surgical and non-surgical protocols, and applying virtually identical and aggressive rehabilitation protocols to both types of patients.

All four such studies completed to date have found only small, but statistically significant benefits from the surgery, separated from the other confounding variables.