Irenaean theodicy is ‘soul making’. His theodicy is more concerned with the development of humanity. Irenaeus distinguished between the ‘image’ and the. (25 Marks) The Irenaeus Theodicy, often called Soul Making, is a counterpart to Augustine’s Theodicy, yet it is also and opposing argument. Irenaeus’ theodicy is . A MODERN IRENAEAN THEODICY -. PROFESSOR HICK ON EVIL. Brian A. Davies. In attempting to deal with the traditional problem of evil. Christian.

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In the novel, the character Ivan Karamazov presents an account of incredible cruelty to innocent people and children to his theist brother, Alyosha. Retrieved 12 February He argued that the magnitude of suffering experienced by some people is excessive, supporting Eleanor Stump’s view that the suffering endured by those with terminal illnesses cannot be for moral development, and that such illnesses do not fall more often upon those seemingly immoral or in need of development.

British philosopher Richard Swinburne proposed that, to make a free moral choice, humans must have experience of the consequences of their own actions and that natural evil must exist to provide such choices. This faith becomes a virtue. God brings in suffering for the benefit of humanity.

Disadvantages Eschatological justification thoedicy a belief in life after death Some people suffer itenaean more than others, why has God singled them out? He also challenged the suffering both of animals and of young children. Second-century philosopher and theologian Irenaeusafter whom the theodicy is named, proposed a two-stage creation process in which humans require free will and the experience of evil to develop. Soul-making is the theory that evil has to exist so that humans can develop their souls by living and becoming good, moral people.

Advantages John Hick – the world is the vale of soul-making and suffering will be compensated Offers an explanation for suffering as well as moral and natural evil Swinburne – everything has a greater good and sometimes the good is free will e. Adam had the form of God but not the content of God. Despite this, he did not reject the existence of Hell outright, as to do so could make living morally in this life irrelevant.


Irenaean theodicy

This is because God is not responsible for creating evil, as evil itself as an entity does not exist. Irenaeus proposed the idea that God created humans as imperfect to evolve in his image but this does not explain why he didn’t make morally perfect humans who still have to become in God’s image. Typical to variations of the Irenaean theodicy is the notion that the present world is the greatest possible world, or the best irensean all possible worlds.

Humanity currently exists in the image of God and is being developed into spiritual maturity. Philosophy of religion article index. British philosopher Richard Swinburne proposed a version of the Irenaean theodicy based on his libertarian view of free will, a view that one’s free actions are not caused by any outside agent.

Early Christian theologian Origen also presented suffering as necessary for the development of human beings. This is however not a final argument, given the nature of Dostoyevsky’s work as polyphonic.

Irenaean theodicy – Wikipedia

Hailed as the first great Catholic theologian. There does not need to be an opposite.

Hick distinguished between the Augustinian theodicywhich is based on free will, and the Irenaean theodicy, which casts God as responsible for evil but justified in it.

Suffering does not sit easily with the concept of a loving God. Augustine believed that all humans were created perfect and that they were given free will. He supported the view that creation is incomplete and argued that the world is best placed for the full moral development of humans, as it presents genuine moral choices.

Origen believed that all humans will eventually reach heaven as the logical conclusion of God being ‘all in all’.

Irenaeus stated that God made humans imperfect and is therefore partly responsible for the existence of evil. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. His suffering, being swallowed by a whale, both enabled God’s plan to be fulfilled and also brought Jonah closer to God: Irenaeaus believed that this world would include some suffering and evil to help people draw closer to God. Surely there are more humane waays about allowing people theodict develop in the irenaea of God?


To summarise Irenaeus’ Theodicy: French theologian Henri Blocher criticised the universalism of John Hick’s theory. Irenaeus stated that eventually good will overcome evil and suffering. Retrieved 6 September This would appear unjust, in that evil goes unpunished. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Ethical egoism Euthyphro dilemma Thodicy positivism Religious language Verificationism eschatological Problem of evil Theodicy Augustinian Irenaean Best of all possible worlds Inconsistent triad Natural evil.

Irenaeus’ Theodicy – Advantages and disadvantages table in A Level and IB Religious Studies

Hick believed that there would be no benefit or purpose to an theodicu Hell, as it would render any moral development inconsequential. However, if there is an element of mystery to suffering, to the effect that some people suffer without benefit, it allows feelings of compassion and sympathy to emerge.

Evidence of evil in the world would make the existence of God improbable.

He perceived God’s declaration in the Book of Thedicy that his creation was good to mean that the world is fit for purpose, rather than being free from suffering. We are in an immature moral state, though we have the potential for moral perfection.

Irenaeus’ Theodicy

Criticism of religion Ethics in religion Exegesis Faith and rationality History of religions Political science of religion Religion and science Religious philosophy Theology. The fact that some people suffer significantly more lead people to lose faith and turn away from God, rather than ‘learn a lesson’ and for this to be a convincing argument against the problem of evil, surely God would not allow such unhumane methods and people could learn through less pain.

The doctrine proposes that God is benevolent but suggests that his power is restricted to persuasion, rather than coercion and so is unable to prevent certain evil events from occurring. Blocher argued that universalism contradicts free will, which is vital to the Irenaean theodicy, because, if everyone will receive salvation, humans cannot choose to reject God.