Ius in re, or jus in re, under civil law, more commonly referred to as a real right or right in rem, jus in re aliena, or encumbrance, which includes servitudes, security interests, real burdens, land charge, rentcharge, emphyteusis, right of first. Se han clasificado los derechos reales sobre la cosa ajena en: Derechos reales de goce: Servidumbre: Prediales – Personales. Enfiteusis. SI PARET AULO AGERIO IUS. ESSE PER FUNDUM QUO DE RE AGITUR IRE AGERE. NEQUE EA RES ARBITRIO C. AQUILII IUDICIS AULO.

Author: Goltitaur Nikozragore
Country: Mayotte
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Art
Published (Last): 10 April 2015
Pages: 202
PDF File Size: 17.20 Mb
ePub File Size: 20.10 Mb
ISBN: 869-9-83917-580-6
Downloads: 44623
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tauhn

Ius in reor jus in reunder civil lawmore commonly referred to as a real right or right in remis a right in property, known as an interest under common law.

A real right vests in a person with respect to property, inherent in his relation to it, and is good against the world erga omnes. The primary real right kn ownership dominium freehold, leasehold, commonhold. Whether possession possessio is recognized as a real right, or merely as a source of certain powers and actions, depends on the legal system at hand.

Subordinate or limited real rights generally refer to encumbrancesrights of use and security interests. The term right in rem is derived from the action given to its holder, an actio in rem. In Latin grammar the action against the thing demands a fourth case. The underlying right itself, Ius in rehas a fifth case, as the right rests on, or burdens, the thing. By mistake the common law terminology now uses the fourth case for describing the right itself.

Compare jus ad rem. Ius in re, or jus in re, under civil law, more commonly referred to as a real right or right in rem, is a right in property, known as an interest under common law.

Jura In Re Aliena

Subordinate or limited real rights generally refer to encumbrances, rights of use and security interests. The underlying right itself, Ius in re, has a fifth case, as the right rests on, or burdens, the thing. A bronze tablet in the Capitoline Museums recording a law of the Senate now termed the “Lex de Imperio Vespasiani,” establishing Vespasian in his imperial munus. Section VI states that “whatsoever he shall think likely to promote the welfare of the state This legislation forestalled any questions about whether the emperor had a right to exercise the authority of the state in any way he pleased.

In fact, such questioning was against the law as infringing on the emperor’s rights. The death penalty was frequently invoked for such questioning, depending on the emperor not under Vespasian, who was considered a good emperor.

Ius or Jus Latin, plural iura [2] in ancient Rome was a right to which a citizen civis was entitled by virtue of his citizenship civitas.

jus in re aliena

The iura were specified by laws, so ius Roman law is the legal system of ancient Rome, including the legal developments spanning over a thousand years of jurisprudence, from the Twelve Tables c. Roman law forms the basic framework for civil law, the most widely used legal system today, and the terms are sometimes used synonymously. The historical importance of Roman law is reflected by the continued use of Latin legal terminology in many legal systems influenced by it, including common law. From the 7th century onward, the legal language in the East was Greek.

Roman law also denoted the legal system applied in most of Western Europe until the end of the 18th century. Roman law thus served as a basis for legal practice throughout Western continental E Ius abutendi, a term in civil law and Roman law, is an attribute of dominium or ownership, ailena translated as “the alieena to abuse. Examples of an application include a word processor, a spreadsheet, an accounting application, a web browser, a media iurx, an aeronautical flight simulator, a console game or a photo editor.

The collective noun application software refers to all applications collectively. Applications may be bundled with the computer and iuar system software or published separately, oura may be coded as proprietary, open-source or university projects. Terminology In information technology, an application is a computer program designed to help people rs an activity.


An application thus differs from an operating system which Usufruct [1] is a limited real right allena in rem right found in civil-law and mixed jurisdictions that unites the two property interests of usus and fructus: Usus use is the right to use or enjoy a thing possessed, directly and without altering it.

Fructus fruit, in a figurative sense is the right to derive profit from a thing possessed: A usufruct is either granted in severalty or held in common ownership, as long as the property is not damaged or destroyed. The third civilian property interest is abusus literally abusethe right to alienate the thing possessed, either by consuming or destroying it iurw.

Someone enjoying all three rights has full ownership. Generally, a usufruct is a system in which a person or group of persons uses the real property often land of another. These “usufructuary” do not own the pro The primary aim of the IUS is to defend the rights and interests of students to promote improvement in their welfare and standard of education and to prepare them for their tasks as democratic citizens.

The purpose of the International Union of Students, which is founded upon the representative student organizations of different countries, shall be to defend the rights and interests of students to promote improvement in their welfare and standard of education and to prepare them for their tasks as democ Just war theory Latin: The purpose of the doctrine is to ensure war is morally justifiable through a series of criteria, all of which must be met for a war to be considered just.

The criteria are split into two groups: The first concerns the morality of going to war, and the second the moral conduct within war. Just war theory iuga that war, while terrible, is not always the worst option. Important responsibilities, undesirable outcomes, or preventable atrocities may justify war.

Jus ad rem is a Latin term of the civil law, meaning “a right to a thing: It is thus distinguished from jus ni re which is a complete and absolute dominion over a thing available against all persons. The disposition of contemporary civil law jurists is to use the term jus ad rem as descriptive of a right without possession, and jus in re as descriptive of a right accompanied by possession.

Or, in a somewhat wider sense, the former denotes an inchoate or incomplete right to a thing; the latter, a complete and perfect right to a thing.

An inchoate and imperfect right, such as is gained by nomination ira institution; as distinguished from jus in re, or complete and full right, such as is acquired by corporal possession. In pharmacology, the international unit is a unit of measurement for the amount of a substance; the mass or volume that constitutes one international unit varies based on which substance is being measured, and the variance is based on the biological activity or effect, for the purpose of easier comparison across substances.

International units are used to quantify vitamins, hormones, some medications, vaccines, blood products, and similar biologically active substances. The name international unit has often been capitalized in English and other languagesalthough major English-language dictionaries treat it as a common noun and thus use lower case.

The name has several accepted abbreviations. Latin declension is the set of patterns according to which Latin words are declined, or have their endings altered to show grammatical case and gender. Nouns, pronouns, and adjectives are declined verbs are conjugatedand a given pattern is called a declension.

There are five declensions, which are numbered and grouped by ending and grammatical gender. For simple declension paradigms, visit the Wiktionary appendices: Each noun follows one of the five declensions, but some irregular nouns have exceptions. Adjectives are of two kinds: Other adjectives such as celer, celeris, celere belong to the third declension. There are no ihra or fifth-declension adjectives. It was destroyed when the Space Shuttle Challenger disintegrated 73 seconds after launch.

It was to have been deployed from the Shuttle in low Earth orbit. The IUS would have then performed two burns to raise the satellite into a geosynchronous orbit. Latin is a heavily inflected language with largely free word order. Nouns are inflected for number and case; pronouns and adjectives including participles are inflected for number, case, and gender; and verbs are inflected for person, number, tense, aspect, voice, and mood.


The inflections are often changes in the ending uura a word, but can be more complicated, especially with verbs. There are also irregular verbs such as sum “I am”. Nouns belong to one of three genders masculine, feminine, and neuter. The gender of a n Res judicata RJ or res iudicata, also known as claim preclusion, is the Latin term for “a matter [already] judged”, and refers to either of two concepts: In this latter usage, the term is synonymous iiura “issue preclusion”.

Ius in re | Revolvy

In the case of res judicata, the matter cannot be raised again, either in the same court or in a different court. A court will use res judicata to deny reconsideration of a matter. Res judicata does not merely prevent future judgments from contradicting earlier ones, but also prevents aliwna from multiplying judgments, and con A fresco portrait of a man holding a papyrus roll, Pompeii, Italy, 1st century AD In Roman law, status describes a person’s legal status.

The individual could be a Roman citizen status civitatisunlike foreigners; or he could be free status libertatisunlike slaves; or he could have a certain position in a Roman family status familiae either as head of the family pater familiasor as a lower member filii familias. Status civitatis In the Roman ij, according to Roman civil law ius civileonly Roman citizens had the full civil and political rights.

In regard to status civitatis, in the Roman state, there were cives, Latini and peregrini, and foreigners. Outside the Roman state, there were externi, barbari and hostes. Status xliena Status familiae is the legal status of an individual in the family. The pater familias had the authority in the family patria alieanand everyone was subjected to him based on adgnatio kinship only from father’s side.

This had an impact in private law. High, middle and low justices iuraa notions dating from Western feudalism to indicate descending degrees of judiciary power to administer justice by the maximal punishment the holders could inflict upon their subjects and other dependents. Low justice regards the level of day-to-day civil actions, including voluntary justice, minor pleas, and petty offences generally settled by fines or light corporal punishment.

It was held by many petty authorities, including many lords of the manor, who sat in justice over the serfs, unfree tenants, and freeholders on their land. Middle justice would involve full civil and criminal jurisdiction, except for capital crimes, and notably excluding the right to pass the death penalty, torture and severe corporal punishment, which was reserved to authorities holding high justice, or the ius gladii ib of the sword”.

Pyramid of feudal justice Although the terms high and low suggest a strict subordination, this was not quite the case; a case could often be brought in any of The Acquisition of Citizenship by Investment.

The Acquisition of Citizenship by Investment, the Internatio The Roman Empire Latin: Impero romano was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization. It had a government headed by emperors and large alirna holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, North Africa, and West Asia. The city of Rome served as its capital until the seat of the imperial government was shifted to Constantinople by Constantine the Great in the 4th century AD.

Zliena previous Aliema, which had replaced Rome’s monarchy in the 6th century BC, became severely destabilized in a series of civil wars and political iuar.