Common Names Balche, Barbasco, Black cabbage bark, Black cabbage-bark, Cabbage bark, Chaperno, Guaimaro, Haiari, Imbira de sapo, Macaratu, Machiche. Common Uses: Heavy construction, Flooring, Furniture components, Railroad ties, Bent Parts, Building construction, Building materials, Cabin construction. Back to the xylotheque. Lonchocarpus castilloi. Common names: Machiche, Balche, Cabbage-bark, Aco. Origine: Central America. Central America.

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Trade and local names: Description based on 6 specimens.

Mexico and Central America. Growth ring boundaries distinct demarcated by very narrow marginal parenchyma bands. Heartwood basically brown, red, purple slight copper hue ; without streaks.

Sapwood colour distinct from heartwood colour cream to yellowish. Odour indistinct or absent.

Commercial timbers

Vessels arranged in no specific patternin multiples, commonly in short 2—3 vessels radial rows. Vessel-ray pits with distinct borders, similar to intervessel pits. Other deposits present lighter and darker shades of lonchocarppus. Fibres of medium wall thickness.



Fibre pits mainly restricted to radial walls, simple to minutely bordered. Bands marginal or seemingly marginal fine lines or not marginal or seemingly marginal wide bands.

Axial parenchyma bands much wider than rays. Bands fine or coarse.

Axial parenchyma apotracheal, or paratracheal. Apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse-in-aggregates. Paratracheal axial parenchyma aliform, or confluent. Aliform parenchyma of the lozenge type. Axial parenchyma as strands. Average number of cells per strand: Short bands and parenchyma islands mostly not in contact with vessels.

MABA – Lonchocarpus castilloi

Rays multiseriate2— 3 —4 cells wide. Rays composed of a single cell type homocellular ; homocellular ray cells procumbent. Storied structure presentall rays storied, axial parenchyma storiedvessel elements storiedfibres storied or not castolloi. Number of ray tiers per axial millimetre 3— 4.

Lonchocarpus cultratus – Useful Tropical Plants

Crystals presentprismaticlocated in axial parenchyma cells. Crystal-containing axial parenchyma cells chambered.

Number of crystals per cell or chamber one, or more than one. Crystals in one cell or chamber of the same size, or of two distinct sizes. Physical and chemical tests. Water extract not fluorescent; colour of water extract colourless to brown.


Ethanol extract fluorescent yellow. Colour of ethanol extract colourless to brown. Splinter burns to full ash. The interactive key allows access loncnocarpus the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting specified attributes, summaries of attributes within groups of taxa, and geographical distribution.

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